There are two very important things to take into consideration when choosing the correct or proper arrow. The stiffness of the shaft, and the arrow weight are the two major factors.
If you use a mechanical release bow, the stiffness of the arrow is not much of a factor. There is less flexing involved, giving you a broader choice of arrows that you can choose from. However, when using a finger released bow, when releasing the string, it is important to have perfect timing so that the arrow passes the bow, and avoids the riser. So, when taking into consideration the stiffness of the shaft, remember that your release, and the shaft's strength have to go hand in hand.
As far as the weight of the arrow is concerned, there are numerous common misconceptions that choosing the lightest possible arrow is the best way to go, if you are looking for the best possible arrow speed. This is very far from the truth. Shooting lighter arrows will make the arrows shoot faster, but they can really mess your bow up. The vibrations absorbed by the bow are much stronger with lighter arrows, and too much vibration over an extended period of time is a recipe for disaster!
To find out the recommended weight of the arrow for your bow, you only have to do a little bit of simple math. Take the weight of your bow, and multiply it by six. The Archery Manufacturers Organization recommends about six grains for every single pound that your bow weighs. So, if you have a seventy pound bow, multiply 70 x 6, which gives you 420. A 420 grain arrow would be the best choice for your bow!
If you want to take the risk of getting a lighter arrow, use the same formula, but don't go below five grains per pound of your bow. So, 70 x 5- giving you 350 grains
Choosing the right archery hunting equipment can mean the difference between getting that kill because you shot accurately, or missing the biggest game you have ever seen in your life, even when you are an accurate shooter.